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Child Labour And RUGMARK


According to Section 3 of the 'Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986' of India, "No child* shall be employed or permitted to work in any of the occupations set forth in Part A of the Schedule or in any workshop wherein any of the processes set forth in Part B of the Schedule is carried on:

Provided that nothing in this section shall apply to any workshop wherein any process is carried on by the occupier with the aid of his family** or to any school established by, or receiving assistance or recognition from, Government."

* "Child" means a person who has not completed his/her fourteenth year of age

** "Family", in relation to an occupier, means the individual, the wife or the husband, as the case may be, of such individual, and the children, brothers and/or sisters of such individual



RUGMARK: A step to overcome this problem

The problem of child labour is inter-linked with various socio-economic conditions. Poverty is considered its main cause, which leads to illiteracy, low productivity, poor health and low life expectancy.

The problem of child labour is thus a vicious circle. To help overcome this, RUGMARK is trying its best to break this circle by helping poor children. It provides free education upto primary level, text-books and uniforms. Besides it provides vocational training in many cases.

RUGMARK is spreading awareness among the people in the carpet belt about the abuse of child labour and making parents realise their responsibility towards their children. The strategy adopted to help solve the child labour problem is also reflected in the following chart.

 

PART A : OCCUPATIONS

Any occupation connected with :-

(1) Transport of passengers, goods or mails by railway.
(2) Cinder picking, clearing of an ash pit or building operation in the railway premises.
(3) Work in a catering establishment at a railway station, involving the movement of a vendor or any other employee of the establishment from one platform to another or into or out of a moving train.
(4) Work relating to the construction of a railway station or with any other work where such work is done in close proximity to or between the railway lines;
(5) A port authority within the limits of any port;
(6) 2[Work related to selling of crackers and fire works in shops with temporary licenses.]
  3[Abbatoirs / slaughter houses]

PART B : PROCESSES

1. Bidi-making.
2. Carpet weaving.
3. Cement manufature, including bagging of cement.
4. Cloth printing, dying and weaving.
5. Manufacture of matches, explosives and fire works.
6. Mica cutting and splitting.
7. Shellac manufacture.
8. Soap manufacture.
9. Tanning.
10. Wool cleaning.
11. Building & construction industry.
12. 2Manufacture of sate pencils (including packing).
13. Manufacture of products from agate.
14. Manufacturing processes using toxic metals and substances such as lead, mercury, manganese, chromium, camdium, benzene, pesticides and asbestos.
15. 3Hazardous processes' as defined in section 2(cb) and "dangerous operations" as notified in rules made under section 87 of the Factories Act, 1948 (63 of 1948).
16. Printing as defined in section 2(k)(iv) of the Factories Act, 1948 (63 of 1948).
17. Cashew and cashewnut descaling and processing.
18. Soldering processes in electronic industries.




 

 

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